Renting and renting out
First hand contracts
A first-hand contract means that you sign a contract with a housing company directly and not with a private person, but above all it means that this is a simple contract between two parts (tenant and landlord).
A first hand contract is also a contract that you do not need to leave as long as you fulfill the criteria for having the contract. If you have a contract to a student accommodation then you can keep this contract as long as you are a student.
In general first-hand housing is the safest housing you can find. For that reason you find the largest housing deficit in this category, and this is also why you need to make sure to register in queues as soon as possible in order to have even a chance of getting one.
The term sublet housing is currently used to describe three different types of living.
The main definition of sublet housing is when a private person rents out his/her apartment/room to another private person. Thus is created a binding contract (with or without an actual physical contract) between these persons and the so called Hyreslagen (renting law) applies.
Another form of sublet housing is when a villa/apartment owner rents out his/her home to a private person. This relationship is identical to the one above with the exception of rent. There are special rules that apply in how you decide the size of the rent in this situation. You can find the relevant legislation under FAQ, Subletting tips and Information to you as a landlord.
The third type of second-hand housing is when a private person rents out a part of his/her apartment to another person. In this case you share your accommodation with the person that either owns the accommodation or owns the first-hand contract. As a live-in tenant you are much more limited in your rights since both parties in this contract risk losing their independence and freedom in their home.
General tips when subletting
When looking for accommodation via subletting ads consider that it is a vulnerable situation; it is usually ordinary people who rent out, without necessarily having real knowledge of what the law says.
It is important to know the basics about what is legal and what is not regarding subletting and also, ask, if something feels wrong.
Regarding termination, you are entitled to at least three months' notice, regardless of what is written in your contract, regardless of if you are subletting or if you are a lodger.